Anatomical incontinence is the involuntary release of urine caused by structural problems of the
urinary tract that affect the urine flow. This type of incontinence may be present
from birth (congenital).
The main symptom is an almost continual
release of urine.
The incontinence is caused by structural problems in the
urinary tract that allow urine to leak past the muscle (sphincter) that keeps urine in the
bladder. These problems include:
abnormal pouch (diverticulum) in the wall of the urethra. Urine can become
trapped in the pouch and then leak out.
An abnormal opening between
the bladder and vagina. This is called a vesicovaginal fistula.
An abnormal opening between a
ureter and the vagina. This is called a ureterovaginal fistula.
Treatment aims to correct the
structural problem that is causing the release of urine.