Frontotemporal dementia is a group of diseases in which parts of
the brain (the frontal and temporal lobes) shrink, or atrophy, causing changes
in personality and behavior. People with frontotemporal dementia may display
unusual behavior, such as a lack of caring and lack of inhibition.
In one type of frontotemporal dementia, called Pick's disease or
Pick's complex, abnormal structures called Pick's bodies develop in brain
cells. Pick's disease is rare but can run in families.
People with frontotemporal dementia may:
Not express any caring for others.
Not attend to personal hygiene.
Say rude things to
others, expose themselves, or make sexually explicit comments, or exhibit other
socially inappropriate behavior.
Be obsessed with repetitive
routines or develop unusual food obsessions, such as eating the same kind of
food or eating in the same restaurant repeatedly.
understanding words and naming objects.
Frontotemporal dementia cannot be reversed. Doctors may treat its
associated behavioral problems with antidepressants and other
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Peter J. Whitehouse, MD - Neurology