There are two types of exposure to the
Bite. An animal bite occurs any time your skin has
been penetrated by the teeth of an animal. The location of the bite does not
change the need for treatment.
Nonbite. Nonbite exposures (which occur when an open
cut in the skin or mucous membrane is exposed to the rabies virus) rarely lead
to rabies but will need treatment.
Having contact with blood, urine, or droppings (feces) from a rabid
animal does not transmit the rabies virus, so no
treatment is needed. But you should always avoid touching or handling wild
mammals, especially bats, because of the small chance of a nonbite exposure to
the rabies virus. If a bat is found in a room with a sleeping or unconscious
person, contact a doctor immediately even
if there is no sign of a bite. Children should also be taught to avoid bats and
other wild animals whenever possible.
Primary Medical Reviewer
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.