Subluxation occurs when a bone is partially pulled or pushed out of
place (out of its normal relationship to the other bones that make up a joint).
This can happen in joints such as the kneecap, hip, finger, elbow, or
A subluxation may be caused by a direct blow to the joint, a fall,
or a sudden twisting movement. Everyday activities may cause this injury if a
person has unstable joints. A subluxation in a young child may be caused by
Although a subluxation may feel better because the dislocated bone
has partially popped back into place, it can still be a problem that needs
Soft tissues in or around a joint (such as
ligaments, tendons, muscles, cartilage, and the joint capsule) may stretch or
Nerves and blood vessels may be damaged by the injury.
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & David Messenger, MD