Bony growths (bone spurs or osteophytes) and fibrous tissue
that are narrowing the
spinal canal and pressing on spinal nerve roots.
Parts of the
vertebrae (laminectomy) to enlarge the spinal canal, to relieve pressure on the
spinal nerve roots.
Disc material (discectomy) from a
herniated disc that pushes into the spinal
In some cases, after bone and disc material are removed, the
affected bone (vertebrae) parts may be joined together (spinal fusion) to stabilize them.
is only done to relieve severe symptoms of neck pain caused by pressure on the
nerve roots (especially from a herniated disc). This pressure on the nerve
roots may also cause arm pain, numbness, or tingling; leg pain, numbness, or
tingling; or problems with bladder or bowel control. In these cases, surgery
may not help the neck pain itself, but it usually helps relieve other symptoms.
But even neck pain caused by pressure on the nerve roots is usually first
treated without surgery.