Local anesthesia for childbirth is most commonly given as an
injection that numbs the area around the vagina just before an episiotomy is
done. An episiotomy is an incision made in the tissue between the vagina and
anus (the perineum) just before the baby's head emerges. It is done to enlarge
the vaginal opening to accommodate the delivery of the baby or to help deliver
the baby more quickly.
Local anesthesia has no ill effects on the baby when given prior to
an episiotomy. It does not relieve uterine contraction pain.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.