Foot-and-mouth disease (sometimes called hoof-and-mouth disease) is
a viral disease that can occur in animals such as cattle, sheep, and swine
(cloven-hoofed animals). It is not related in any way to
hand-foot-and-mouth disease found in humans. The two diseases are caused by
entirely different viruses.
The virus that causes foot-and-mouth disease can be spread from
animal to animal by direct contact with an infected animal. Or the virus can be spread by contact with
food or other things that have been contaminated. A human who is involved in
handling animals can spread the disease from one animal to another through
contaminated clothing, footwear, or other contaminated objects.
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease