Congenital glaucoma is a rare form of glaucoma that is present in
some babies when they are born. Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the
nerve at the back of the eye (optic nerve), resulting in loss of eyesight,
especially peripheral (side) vision.
Congenital glaucoma is often caused by a birth defect that can
cause abnormal development of structures in the eye. It must be treated as soon
as possible to avoid vision loss or blindness.
Congenital glaucoma is usually diagnosed by the
end of the first year of life. About one-half of these children are diagnosed
Glaucoma that develops between birth and age 3 is called
People between the ages of 3 and young
adulthood can develop another type of developmental glaucoma called juvenile
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology