What May Increase Your Risk of Problems From a Cough?
Many conditions, diseases, medicines, and lifestyle choices interfere with your ability to heal or fight infection. You may be at risk for a more serious problem from your symptoms if you have any of the following. Be sure to tell your health professional.
- Age younger than 3 months
- Age older than 60
- Exposure to asbestos
- Living with smokers or being regularly exposed to secondhand smoke
- Previous surgery to remove the spleen (splenectomy)
- Recent hospitalization (may increase your risk for pneumonia)
- Alcohol abuse or withdrawal
- Drug abuse or withdrawal
- Occupational exposure to smoke, dust, or fumes
- Smoking or other tobacco use
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as captopril (Capoten), enalapril maleate (Vasotec), or lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril, or Zestoretic)
- Corticosteroids, such as prednisone
- Medicines to prevent organ transplant rejection
- Medicines used to treat cancer (chemotherapy)
- Radiation therapy
- Chronic upper respiratory illnesses such as chronic sinusitis, otitis media, or tonsillitis
- Chronic lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, emphysema), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, chronic bronchitis, tuberculosis (TB), or bronchiectasis
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Heart disease, especially heart failure
- History of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or spontaneous pneumothorax
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
Current as of: August 21, 2015
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & David Messenger, MD
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