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Gerstmann Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Gerstmann Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Developmental Gerstmann Syndrome
  • Gerstmann Tetrad
  • GS

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Gerstmann syndrome is a rare neurological disorder that can occur as the result of a brain injury or as a developmental disorder. The syndrome is characterized by the loss or absence of four cognitive abilities- the loss of the ability to express thoughts in writing (agraphia, dysgraphia), to perform simple arithmetic problems (acalculia), to recognize or indicate one's own or another's fingers (finger agnosia), and to distinguish between the right and left sides of one's body. Additional cognitive defects may occur in some cases.



The disorder has not been found to run in families. In extremely rare cases, children who are bright and functioning intellectually at a high level may be affected by the disorder as well as those who suffer brain damage.



Gerstmann syndrome is different from Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, a rare genetic degenerative brain disorder.

Resources

National Center for Learning Disabilities

381 Park Avenue South

#1420

New York, NY 10016

Tel: (212)545-7510

Fax: (212)545-9665

Tel: (888)575-7373

Email: ncld@ncld.org

Internet: http://www.ncld.org/



Learning Disabilities Association of America

4156 Library Road

Pittsburgh, PA 15234-1349

Tel: (412)341-1515

Fax: (412)344-0224

Tel: (888)300-6710

Email: info@ldaamerica.org

Internet: http://www.ldanatl.org



American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

2200 Research Boulevard

Rockville, MD 20850-3289

United States

Tel: (301)296-5700

Fax: (301)296-8580

Tel: (800)638-8255

Email: actioncenter@asha.org

Internet: http://www.asha.org



NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801

Bethesda, MD 20824

Tel: (301)496-5751

Fax: (301)402-2186

Tel: (800)352-9424

TDD: (301)468-5981

Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  3/27/2008

Copyright  1993, 1997, 2002, 2008 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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