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Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Atresia of Esophagus with or without Tracheoesophageal Fistula
  • Esophageal Atresia
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula with or without Esophageal Atresia

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare birth defect in which the esophagus (the tube that connects the throat with the stomach) does not develop normally. In infants with EA, the esophagus is usually separated into two parts, an upper and lower segment. These two segments do not connect. One or both segments (usually the upper) end in a blind pouch. Consequently, the normal passage between the mouth and stomach does not exist. EA often occurs in association with a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), which is an abnormal passage or connection (fistula) between the esophagus and the trachea (windpipe). The trachea is the tube that runs from the voice box in the throat to the lungs (bronchi), and carries air to and from the lungs. EA/TEF is a life-threatening condition, however, the majority of affected infants will recover fully if the defect is detected early and treated appropriately. The exact underlying causes of EA/TEF are not fully understood. EA/TEF can occur as isolated findings (nonsyndromic), associated with other birth defects (non-isolated), or as part of a larger syndrome.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue

White Plains, NY 10605

Tel: (914)997-4488

Fax: (914)997-4763

Tel: (888)663-4637

Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com

Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com



NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases

Office of Communications & Public Liaison

Bldg 31, Rm 9A06

31 Center Drive, MSC 2560

Bethesda, MD 20892-2560

Tel: (301)496-3583

Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov

Internet: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/



EA/TEF Child and Family Support Connection, Inc.

111 West Jackson Boulevard

Suite 1145

Chicago, IL 60604-3502

USA

Tel: (312)987-9085

Fax: (312)987-9086

Email: info@eatef.org

Internet: http://www.eatef.org



Tracheo Oesophageal Fistula Support

St. George's Centre

91 Victory Road

Netherfield

Nottingham, NG4 2NN

United Kingdom

Tel: 4401159613092

Fax: 4401159613097

Email: info@tofs.org.uk

Internet: http://www.tofs.org.uk



Pediatric/Adolescent Gastroesophageal Reflux Association, Inc.

PO Box 7728

Silver Spring, MD 20907

Tel: (301)601-9541

Email: gergroup@aol.com

Internet: http://www.reflux.org



Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.

976 Lake Baldwin Lane

Orlando, FL 32814

USA

Tel: (407)895-0802

Email: staff@birthdefects.org

Internet: http://www.birthdefects.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Fetal Hope Foundation

9786 South Holland Street

Littleton, CO 80127

USA

Tel: (303)932-0553

Tel: (877)789-4673

Email: info@fetalhope.org

Internet: http://www.fetalhope.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  1/17/2012

Copyright  1992, 2000, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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