National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Ablepharon-Macrostomia Syndrome is not the name you expected.
Ablepharon-Macrostomia Syndrome (AMS) is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by various physical abnormalities affecting the head and facial (craniofacial) area, the skin, the fingers, and the genitals. In addition, affected individuals may have malformations of the nipples and the abdominal wall. Infants and children with AMS may also experience delays in language development and, in some cases, mental retardation.
In infants with Ablepharon-Macrostomia Syndrome, characteristic craniofacial features may include absence or severe underdevelopment of the upper and lower eyelids (ablepharon or microblepharon) as well as absence of eyelashes and eyebrows; an unusually wide, "fish-like" mouth (macrostomia); and/or incompletely developed (rudimentary), low-set ears (pinnae). Abnormalities of the eyes may occur due to, or in association with, ablepharon or microblepharon. Individuals with AMS may also have additional characteristic features including abnormally sparse, thin hair; thin, wrinkled skin with excess (redundant) folds; webbed fingers with limited extension; and/or malformations of the external genitals. In some cases, additional features associated with AMS may include absent or abnormally small (hypoplastic) nipples and/or abdominal wall abnormalities. Although the exact cause of Ablepharon-Macrostomia Syndrome is not fully understood, some cases suggest that the disorder may be inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic trait.
Ambiguous Genitalia Support Network
- P.O. Box 313
- Clements, CA 95227-0313
- Tel: (209)727-0313
Children's Craniofacial Association
- 13140 Coit Road
- Suite 517
- Dallas, TX 75240
- Tel: (214)570-9099
- Fax: (214)570-8811
- Tel: (800)535-3643
- Email: contactCCA@ccakids.com
- Website: http://www.ccakids.com
FACES: The National Craniofacial Association
- PO Box 11082
- Chattanooga, TN 37401
- Tel: (423)266-1632
- Fax: (423)267-3124
- Tel: (800)332-2373
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.faces-cranio.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
NIH/National Eye Institute
- 31 Center Dr
- MSC 2510
- Bethesda, MD 20892-2510
- United States
- Tel: (301)496-5248
- Fax: (301)402-1065
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.nei.nih.gov/
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Information Clearinghouse
- One AMS Circle
- Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
- Tel: (301)495-4484
- Fax: (301)718-6366
- Tel: (877)226-4267
- Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
- Website: http://www.niams.nih.gov/
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 8/7/2007
Copyright 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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