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Oculocutaneous Albinism

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Oculocutaneous Albinism is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • brown oculocutaneous albinism
  • minimal pigment oculocutaneous albinism
  • OCA1
  • OCA1A
  • OCA1B
  • OCA3
  • OCA4
  • oculocutaneous albinism type 1B
  • platinum oculocutaneous albinism
  • rufous oculocutaneous albinism
  • temperature-sensitive oculocutaneous albinism
  • tyrosinase-related OCA
  • yellow oculocutaneous albinism

Disorder Subdivisions

  • oculocutaneous albinism type 1A
  • oculocutaneous albinism type 1B
  • oculocutaneous albinism type 2
  • oculocutaneous albinism type 3
  • oculocutaneous albinism type 4

General Discussion

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a group of rare inherited disorders characterized by a reduced amount or complete lack of melanin pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. These conditions are caused by mutations in specific genes that are necessary for the production of melanin pigment in specialized cells called melanocytes. Absent or insufficient melanin pigment results abnormal development in the eyes resulting in vision abnormalities and light skin that is very susceptible to damage from the sun including skin cancer. Oculocutaneous albinism is inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic condition.

Resources

National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation

PO Box 959

East Hempstead, NH 03826-0959

Tel: (603)887-2310

Fax: (800)648-2310

Tel: (800)473-2310

Email: noah@albinism.org

Internet: http://www.albinism.org



March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue

White Plains, NY 10605

Tel: (914)997-4488

Fax: (914)997-4763

Tel: (888)663-4637

Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com

Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com



Albinism Fellowship

P.O. Box 77

Burnley

Lancashire, BB11 5GN

United Kingdom

Tel: 07919543518

Tel: 447919543518

Email: support@albinism.org.uk

Internet: http://www.albinism.org.uk



NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

31 Center Dr

Building 31, Room 2A32

MSC2425

Bethesda, MD 20892

Fax: (866)760-5947

Tel: (800)370-2943

TDD: (888)320-6942

Email: NICHDInformationResourceCenter@mail.nih.gov

Internet: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  5/25/2012

Copyright  1985, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1999, 2007, 2008, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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