National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Leigh's Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Leigh Necrotizing Encephalopathy
- Leigh's Syndrome
- Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy of Leigh's
- Subacute Necrotizing Encephalopathy
- Infantile Necrotizing Encephalopathy
- Classical Leigh's Disease
- X-Linked Infantile Nectrotizing Encephalopathy
- Adult-Onset Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy
Leigh's disease is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. It is characterized by the degeneration of the central nervous system (i.e., brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve). The symptoms of Leigh's disease usually begin between the ages of three months and two years. Symptoms are associated with progressive neurological deterioration and may include loss of previously acquired motor skills, loss of appetite, vomiting, irritability, and/or seizure activity. As Leigh's disease progresses, symptoms may also include generalized weakness, lack of muscle tone (hypotonia), and episodes of lactic acidosis, which may lead to impairment of respiratory and kidney function.
There appear to be several different types of genetically determined enzyme defects that can cause Leigh's disease. Most individuals with Leigh's disease have defects of mitochondrial energy production, such as deficiency of an enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex or the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. In most cases, Leigh's disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. However, X-linked recessive and mitochondrial inheritance have also been noted.
Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases (CLIMB)
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, Intl CW2 6BG
Tel: 0845 241 2174
Tel: 800 652 3181
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
1660 L Street, NW, Suite 301
Washington, DC 20036
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation
8085 Saltsburg Road
Pittsburgh, PA 15239
Lactic Acidosis Support Trust
1A Whitley Close
Cheshire, CW10 0NQ
Children's Brain Diseases Foundation
350 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94117
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
14 Pembroke Street
Medford, MA 02155
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This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 3/11/2009
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