Health Information

 

 

Hemophilia A

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Hemophilia A is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • classical hemophilia
  • factor VIII deficiency
  • haemophilia A

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary

Hemophilia A, also known as classical hemophilia, is a genetic bleeding disorder caused by insufficient levels of a blood protein called factor VIII. Factor VIII is a clotting factor. Clotting factors are specialized proteins that are essential for proper clotting, the process by which blood clumps together to plug the site of a wound to stop bleeding. Individuals with hemophilia A do not bleed faster or more profusely than healthy individuals, but, because their blood clots poorly, they have difficulty stopping the flow of blood from a wound. This may be referred to as prolonged bleeding or a prolonged bleeding episode. Hemophilia A can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the baseline level of factor VIII made by that individual. In mild cases, prolonged bleeding episodes may only occur after surgery, dental procedures or trauma. In more severely affected individuals, symptoms may include prolonged bleeding from minor wounds, painful swollen bruises, and unexplained (spontaneous) bleeding into vital organs as well as joints and muscles (internal bleeding). Hemophilia A is caused by disruptions or changes (mutations) to the F8 gene on the X chromosome. This mutation may be inherited or occur randomly with no previous family history of the disorder (spontaneously). Hemophilia A is fully expressed in males only, although some females who carry the gene may have mild or, rarely, severe symptoms of bleeding. Although there is no cure for hemophilia, effective therapies have been developed; most affected individuals can lead full, productive lives by maintaining proper treatment and care.



Introduction

Hemophilia is a general term for a group of rare bleeding disorders caused by congenital deficiency of certain clotting factors. The main form of hemophilia is hemophilia A. In rare cases, hemophilia A can be acquired during life (acquired hemophilia A). Although both disorders involve deficiency of the same clotting factor, the bleeding pattern is quite different. The reason the bleeding patterns differ between these disorders is not fully understood. This report only deals with the genetic form of hemophilia A.

Resources

National Hemophilia Foundation

116 West 32nd Street, 11th Floor

New York, NY 10001

USA

Tel: (212)328-3700

Fax: (212)328-3777

Tel: (800)424-2634

Email: handi@hemophilia.org

Internet: http://www.hemophilia.org



Canadian Hemophilia Society

400-1255 University Street

Montreal

Quebec, H3B 3B6

Canada

Tel: 5148480503

Fax: 5148489661

Tel: 8006682686

Email: chs@hemophilia.ca

Internet: http://www.hemophilia.ca



NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

P.O. Box 30105

Bethesda, MD 20892-0105

Tel: (301)592-8573

Fax: (301)251-1223

Email: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov

Internet: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/



World Federation of Hemophilia

1425 René Lévesque Blvd. W. Suite 1010

Montreal

Quebec, H3G 1T7

Canada

Tel: 5148757944

Fax: 5148758916

Email: wfh@wfh.org

Internet: http://www.wfh.org/index.asp?lang=EN



Hemophilia Federation of America

210 7th St. SE

Suite 200B

Washington, DC 20003

USA

Tel: (202)675-6984

Fax: (202)675-6983

Tel: (800)230-9797

Email: info@hemophiliafed.org

Internet: http://www.hemophiliafed.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Madisons Foundation

PO Box 241956

Los Angeles, CA 90024

Tel: (310)264-0826

Fax: (310)264-4766

Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org

Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  8/9/2012

Copyright  1985, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.