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Dandy Walker Malformation

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Dandy Walker Malformation is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Dandy-Walker Cyst
  • Dandy-Walker Deformity
  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome
  • DWM
  • Hydrocephalus, Internal, Dandy-Walker Type
  • Hydrocephalus, Noncommunicating, Dandy-Walker Type
  • Luschka-Magendie Foramina Atresia

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Dandy-Walker malformation (DWM) is a brain malformation that occurs during embryonic development of the cerebellum and 4th ventricle. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that helps coordinate movement, and is also involved with cognition and behavior. The 4th ventricle is a space around the cerebellum that channels fluid from inside to around the outside of the brain. DWM is characterized by underdevelopment (small size and abnormal position) of the middle part of the cerebellum known as the cerebellar vermis, cystic enlargement of the 4th ventricle and enlargement of the base of the skull (posterior fossa). DWM is sometimes (20-80%) associated with hydrocephalus, in which blockage of the normal flow of spinal fluid leads to excessive amounts of fluid accumulating in and around the brain. This leads to abnormally high pressure within the skull and swelling of the head, and can lead to neurological impairment.

Resources

Lighthouse International

111 E 59th St

New York, NY 10022-1202

Tel: (800)829-0500

Email: info@lighthouse.org

Internet: http://www.lighthouse.org



National Hydrocephalus Foundation

12413 Centralia Rd.

Lakewood, CA 90715-1653

USA

Tel: (562)924-6666

Fax: (562)924-6666

Tel: (888)857-3434

Email: nhf@earthlink.net

Internet: http://www.nhfonline.org



Hydrocephalus Association

4340 East West Highway Ste 950

Bethesda, MD 20814

USA

Tel: (301)202-3811

Fax: (301)202-3813

Tel: (888)598-3789

Email: info@hydroassoc.org

Internet: http://www.hydroassoc.org



NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801

Bethesda, MD 20824

Tel: (301)496-5751

Fax: (301)402-2186

Tel: (800)352-9424

TDD: (301)468-5981

Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



Dandy-Walker Syndrome Network

5030 142nd Path West

Apple Valley, MN 55124

USA

Tel: (612)423-4008



Hydrocephalus Support Group, Inc.

1933 Mistflower Glen Ct.

Chesterfield, MO 63005-4236

USA

Tel: (636)532-8228

Fax: (314)251-5871

Email: hydrob@earthlink.net



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Madisons Foundation

PO Box 241956

Los Angeles, CA 90024

Tel: (310)264-0826

Fax: (310)264-4766

Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org

Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org



Dandy-Walker Alliance, Inc.

10325 Kensington Pkwy

Suite 384

Kensington, MD 20895

Tel: (877)326-3992

Email: comments@dandy-walker.org

Internet: http://www.dandy-walker.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  2/12/2008

Copyright  1986, 1989, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2007, 2008 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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