Health Information

 

 

Cervical Dystonia

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Cervical Dystonia is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • torticollis
  • spasmodic wryneck
  • spasmodic torticollis
  • focal dystoniaidiopathic cervical dystonia

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Cervical dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is a rare neurological disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions in the neck that cause abnormal movements and postures of the neck and head. In some cases, these abnormal contractions may be sustained or continuous; in others, they may be present as spasms that can resemble tremor. The severity of cervical dystonia can vary, but the disorder can cause significant pain and discomfort as well as difficulty due to the abnormal postures. Cervical dystonia typically begins in middle age, and rarely begins in adolescence and young adulthood. The cause of cervical dystonia is unknown, although a genetic susceptibility is thought to underlie some cases. If cervical dystonia begins in infancy or early childhood, secondary causes should be investigated.



Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia that presents in an office setting. Dystonia is generally characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions (postures). Cervical dystonia is a form of dystonia that involves the neck area. Symptoms may vary among affected individuals, including the age at onset, intensity, presence of pain, and degree of disability.

Resources

WE MOVE (Worldwide Education and Awareness for Movement Disorders)

5731 Mosholu Avenue

Bronx, NY 10471

USA

Tel: (347)843-6132

Fax: (718)601-5112

Email: wemove@wemove.org

Internet: http://www.wemove.org



Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

1 East Wacker Drive, Suite 2810 East Wacker Drive

Suite 2810

Chicago, IL 60601-1905

United States

Tel: (312)755-0198

Fax: (312)803-0138

Tel: (800)377-3978

Email: dystonia@dystonia-foundation.org

Internet: http://www.dystonia-foundation.org



National Spasmodic Torticollis Association

9920 Talbert Avenue

Fountain Valley, CA 92708

Tel: (714)378-9837

Fax: (714)378-9830

Tel: (800)487-8385

Email: NSTAmail@aol.com

Internet: http://www.torticollis.org



NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801

Bethesda, MD 20824

Tel: (301)496-5751

Fax: (301)402-2186

Tel: (800)352-9424

TDD: (301)468-5981

Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



Dystonia Society

89 Albert Embankment, 2nd Floor

Vauxhall

London, SE1 7TP

United Kingdom

Tel: 08454586211

Fax: 08454586311

Tel: 08454586322

Email: angie@dystonia.org.uk

Internet: http://www.dystonia.org.uk



Dystonia Europe

Square de Meeus 37 - 4th Floor

Brussels, 1000

Belgium

Tel: 447736625450

Email: sec@dystonia-europe.org

Internet: http://www.dystonia-europe.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Spasmodic Torticollis ST/Dystonia, Inc.

PO Box 28

Mukwonago, WI 53149

Tel: (262)560-9534

Fax: (262)560-9535

Tel: (888)445-4588

Email: info@spasmodictorticollis.org

Internet: http://www.spasmodictorticollis.org



American Dystonia Society

17 Suffolk Lane

Suite 1

Princeton Junction, NJ 08550

Tel: (310)237-5478

Fax: (609)275-5663

Email: info@dystonia.us

Internet: http://www.dystonia.us



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  2/4/2013

Copyright  1986, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2010, 2013 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.