Systemic Primary Carnitine Deficiency
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Systemic Primary Carnitine Deficiency is not the name you expected.
Systemic primary carnitine deficiency (CDSP) is a rare metabolic disorder in which the body cannot properly process fats into energy. Carnitine functions to carry fatty acids obtained through diet to the energy centers in muscle cells (mitochondria). A deficiency of carnitine results in accumulation of fats in the liver, muscle, and heart. Symptoms of CDSP in infants can include poor feeding, tiredness, irritability and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) but CDSP can also present later in childhood with heart and muscle abnormalities. Some people with CDSP are diagnosed as adults and have mild or no symptoms. CDSP is caused by mutations in the SLC22A5 gene and inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic condition.
CDSP is treatable by the daily use of L-carnitine supplements. Without early detection and treatment, an affected child may experience low blood sugar (hypoglycdemia), seizures, heart muscle weakness (cardiomyopathy) that can be life-threatening. Newborn screening is available for CDSP.
CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
- Climb Building
- 176 Nantwich Road
- Crewe, CW2 6BG
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 4408452412173
- Fax: 4408452412174
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk
FOD (Fatty Oxidation Disorders) Family Support Group
- PO Box 54
- Okemos, MI 48864
- Tel: (517)381-1940
- Fax: (866)290-5206
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.fodsupport.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
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This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
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Last Updated: 11/24/2015
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