Myocarditis

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Myocarditis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Inflammatory cardiomyopathy
  • Idiopathic myocarditis
  • Viral cardiomyopathy

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Myocarditis is a rare cause of cardiovascular disease primarily manifest as sudden death, chest pain or heart failure. The symptoms of heart failure from myocarditis include shortness of breath, fatigue and ankle swelling. The cause is an inflammation of the heart muscle, most often following a viral infection. Between 0.5 and 3.5 percent of heart failure hospitalizations are due to myocarditis. Most cases of myocarditis are identified in young adults with males affected more often than females. The diagnosis should be considered in any young adult with unexplained cardiac causes of shortness of breath or loss of consciousness. Many authorities recommend the diagnosis be made by heart biopsy, but imaging with magnetic resonance is growing as an accepted diagnostic method. Specific causes of myocarditis vary by world region, which mandates region-specific diagnostic and management strategies.

Supporting Organizations

Myocarditis Foundation

100 W Main St
Utica, MN 55979
Tel: (732)295-3700
Fax: (732)295-3701
Tel: (866)846-1600
Email: candace@myocarditisfoundation.org
Website: http://www.myocarditisfoundation.org/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  1/23/1970
Copyright  2015 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.