National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Transverse Myelitis is not the name you expected.
Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare inflammatory disease causing injury to the spinal cord with varying degrees of weakness, sensory alterations, and autonomic dysfunction (the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary activity, such as the heart, breathing, the digestive system, and reflexes).
The first cases of acute myelitis were described in 1882 and were attributed to vascular lesions and acute inflammatory events. In England between 1922 and 1923 more than 200 postvaccinial cases were noted as complications of the smallpox and rabies vaccines. Later reports revealed that TM was post-infectious in nature, and agents including measles, rubella and mycoplasma were directly isolated from patient's spinal fluid. The term "acute transverse myelitis" was first used by an English neurologist in 1948 to describe a case of rapidly progressive paraparesis with a thoracic sensory level, occurring as a postinfectious complication of pneumonia. The Transverse Myelitis Consortium Working Group delineated diagnostic criteria for disease-associated TM and idiopathic TM along with a framework to differentiate TM from non-inflammatory myelopathies in 2002.
Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc.
- 206 South Sixth Street, Springfield, IL 62701
- Springfield, IL 62701
- Tel: (217)753-1190
- Fax: (217)525-1271
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.academyscipro.org/
Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation
- 636 Morris Turnpike, Suite 3A
- Short Hills, NJ 7078
- Tel: (973)379-2690
- Fax: (973)912-9433
- Tel: (800)225-0292
- Email: prc@ChristopherReeve.org
- Website: http://www.christopherreeve.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
- P.O. Box 5801
- Bethesda, MD 20824
- Tel: (301)496-5751
- Fax: (301)402-2186
- Tel: (800)352-9424
- Website: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
National Spinal Cord Injury Association
- 75-20 Astoria Blvd
- Jackson Heights, NY 11370
- Tel: (718)803-3782
- Tel: (800)962-9629
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.spinalcord.org
Spinal Cord Society
- 19051 County Hwy. 1
- Fergus Falls, MN 56537
- Tel: (218)739-5252
- Fax: (218)739-5262
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.spinalcordsociety.com
Transverse Myelitis Association
- 1787 Sutter Parkway
- Powell, OH 43065-8806
- Tel: (614)766-1806
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.myelitis.org
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 5/20/2016
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