Bladder and urination problems are common in people who have
multiple sclerosis (MS). When a new problem develops,
tests may be done to make sure that a condition other than MS is not causing
the problem and to decide on the best treatment.
The following are tests commonly used to evaluate problems with the
Some of these tests involve the insertion of a thin flexible tube
(catheter) into the urethra; injection of a contrast medium, which shows up on
X-rays; or injection of material that has low-level radioactivity.