People who have
Alzheimer's disease or another
dementia are sometimes easily confused and may forget
where they are, what day it is, and other common facts. The following tips will
help avoid confusion.
Use familiar objects, such as a favorite chair or
photographs, to help the person recognize where he or she is.
often-used rooms, such as the bathroom, and objects.
visual cues to time and place, such as calendars, clocks, and bulletin boards.
Keep regular routines for daily activities such as meals, baths,
Focus on consistency. Keep furniture, lamps,
pictures, and other objects in the same place. This may be less confusing for
Use color and contrasts. Soothing colors can create a
Keep floor surfaces uncomplicated. Avoid
checkerboard and other patterns when possible.
Avoid using mirrors
for decorating. The person may become anxious if he or she does not recognize
his or her own reflection.