Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection During Pregnancy
A pregnant woman who has human papillomavirus (HPV) is more
likely to develop
genital warts than a woman with HPV who is not
Genital warts may increase in size, bleed, or
become infected with bacteria.
In rare cases, genital warts may
affect the birth canal. In these cases, a cesarean delivery, or C-section, may
be needed to prevent bleeding that could result from tearing the warts
during a vaginal delivery.
Treatment may be recommended to prevent complications during
the pregnancy. The following treatments are safe for a pregnant woman who has
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and bichloroacetic
electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
Surgical removal by
electrocautery or excision
During a vaginal delivery, a woman can transmit the HPV
infection to her baby, although this is very rare. The baby may develop growths
in his or her throat (laryngeal papillomas) rather than genital warts. Because
HPV can be present but not active (latent), it is possible for warts that were
transmitted during delivery to appear up to 3 years after the baby is born.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerKirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology